At present, with the increasing investment in petroleum and chemical industries, China's chemical machinery industry is quietly undergoing a new round of strategic transformation from quantitative expansion to qualitative upgrading in order to adapt to the new changes in the demand of petroleum and chemical industries. Experts from China Petroleum and Petrochemical Equipment Industry Association recently pointed out that China's chemical machinery industry has been on the brink of loss for a long time, and the large import of modern large-scale petrochemical equipment is one of the main reasons for the low economic efficiency of the industry. However, China's chemical machinery industry in 2004 ushered in a booming production and marketing market, reversing the industry's loss situation. The main reasons are as follows: firstly, there is a strong demand for petroleum and chemical equipment in the domestic and foreign markets; secondly, technological progress has improved the economic benefits of the whole industry; thirdly, there has been progress in industrial restructuring and enterprise restructuring.
According to the annual report of China's Chemical Machinery Market Research from 2004 to 2005, from the perspective of demand structure, the demand potential of petrochemical machinery and plastic machinery is still great. It can be said that the chemical machinery industry will maintain stable economic growth after experiencing difficulties, hopefully ending the situation of long-term losses and starting to change to a benign development.
Experts in the industry have analyzed that since last year, with the rise of international crude oil prices, refining enterprises have set off a climax of building or reforming petroleum hydrogenation units in order to improve the yield of light oil products in the refining process. It is reported that at present, China has more than 100 sets of hydrogenation plants, while from the second half of 2004 to the first half of 2005, 45 sets of hydrogenation plants were under construction and newly built. The sudden increase of domestic demand for hydrogenation units has resulted in a shortage of products in equipment manufacturing enterprises. In 2004, many chemical machinery manufacturing enterprises received a large number of orders which had not been seen for many years. Sales of products increased significantly, and increased by 30% in the first half of this year. Obviously, the petrochemical industry has provided strong support for the development of chemical machinery industry.
In recent years, China's petroleum and chemical machinery and equipment industry has also made great achievements in independent research and development, and fostered a certain degree of market competitiveness. If the 3.5 million tons/year heavy oil catalytic cracking unit designed and manufactured by China is successfully commissioned in Dalian Petrochemical Company, it marks that China has independent intellectual property rights of catalytic cracking technology since then, and has the engineering design, production and construction strength of world-renowned large-scale catalytic cracking unit; Hangzhou Oxygen Making Machine Factory The designed and manufactured ethylene cold box has been successfully put into operation in 710,000 tons/year ethylene plant in Yanhua, realizing the localization of large-scale ethylene cold box and reaching the international advanced level. The development of 10,000 cubic meters natural gas spherical tank, a national major technical equipment localization innovation project undertaken by Hefei General Machinery Research Institute, has successfully filled the domestic void. White. Not long ago, the leaders and experts of China's equipment manufacturing industry, such as Sui Yongbin, director of the State Office of Major Equipment, visited Yongjia County, Zhejiang Province, which is the home of pumps and valves in China. They positioned the development of pumps and valves in the petroleum and chemical industries, and devoted themselves to the development of high-temperature, high-pressure and high-parameter large-pump and valve equipment with large market demand. Production is highly appreciated. In this regard, a person in charge of Ningbo Engineering Company of Sinopec hopes that domestic chemical machinery manufacturing enterprises should adjust product structure as soon as possible to meet the needs of advanced, large and complex projects.
In the long run, the domestic chemical machinery market will maintain a relatively optimistic development trend in the next few years. Some experts believe that in the next five years, refining and ethylene will become the leading and core industries in petrochemical industry. China's chemical machinery industry will show seven major trends: traditional brand products will still gain a higher market share, such as high-pressure vessels in large-scale ammonia and urea plants; and oil. The equipment needed for energy-saving technology transformation and product structure adjustment in chemical enterprises will have a larger development space; the energy-saving and efficient unit equipment will have a large market; the development and innovation of environmental protection equipment will become a new growth point of chemical equipment; the scale of petrochemical equipment will bring about large-scale equipment; export products and substitute for imported products. There is great potential, such as the export of tire vulcanizer in rubber equipment has good prospects, the main equipment of radial tire has obvious price advantage in replacing imports, and the storage and transportation equipment of petroleum and chemical products will gain a specific market share.